Different Types Of Thyroid Cancer Treatment

People suffering from thyroid cancer take an active part in finding solutions to their medical care. They are desiring to learn all about the disease they are suffering and the possible treatment choices. However, stress and shock that they feel after a diagnosis of thyroid cancer makes it hard for them to remember what they needed to ask the doctor. It is always good to make a list of questions before an appointment is made. To help the patients to remember what the doctor says, they are advised to take notes or even use a tape recorder. At times, they are required to go with them a family member or friend when the talk with the doctor to help them take part in the discussion, help them make notes or just listen. Patients are given freedom to select one of the treatments that they feel they are suitable with. Thyroid cancer treatment choices are discussed below.


To develop the most effective treatment plan, doctor stages your thyroid tumor. Thyroid cancer treatment includes surgery, which is commonly influenced by patent’s age and the size of the tumor. For physicians to remove all cancer in the neck and any other cancerous lymph nodes, surgery is the initial therapy for many of the thyroid cancers. Some small thyroid cancer can be cured by surgery only. Two types of surgery is done to cure the thyroid cancer.

1. Lobectomy or partial thyroidectomy that is the surgical removal of part of the affected part of thyroid gland either the right or left side (lobe) that is affected by the tumor.

2. Total thyroidectomy that involves the total/complete surgical removal of the thyroid gland.

When an experienced thyroid surgeon performs the procedure, there are very few complications.

Radioactive Iodine

Radioactive Iodine is a follow-up to the surgeon or adjuvant treatment using I-131in follicular and papillary thyroid surgery. After thyroid surgery, the treatment is usually given two to six weeks. High doses of I-131 are given in the form of a liquid or pills. Patients who are undergoing thyroid cancer treatment need to restrict their dietary intake of iodine for a period of 5 to 14 days before the treatment begins. They also need to limit any contact with pregnant women and children for 3 to 7 days after treatment.


Radiation treatment also known as external-beam radiation therapy is used in patients with thyroid cancer which cannot be treated with surgery or when it become unresponsive to radioactive iodine. It is also done to patients suffering from thyroid cancer that has distant spread. This method is mostly combined with chemotherapy.


This method of cancer treatment uses chemical agents (drugs) to destroy the thyroid cancer cells. Unfortunately, chemotherapy kills normal and cancerous cells. Chemo is a systemic treatment which means the drugs are given by injection into a vein or given by pill orally. The method of treatment is called systemic treatment because the drug enters the bloodstream and then circulates through the entire body. At times, chemotherapy is mixed with external-beam radiation therapy. This treatment method plays a very little role in thyroid cancer except for aggressive cancers such as anaplastic thyroid cancer.

Whole Body Thyroid Scan

A whole-body thyroid scan of thyroid treatment is performed to help measure the treatment progress. It depends on the kind of thyroid cancer and the needed treatment, it is used to detect the average spread of cancer in the body.

Complementary and Alternative Therapies

When undergoing thyroid cancer treatment, it is normal to feel apprehensive, anxious, and depressed. Alternative therapies can assist you feel better and change your concentration to a more positive results. People who are suffering from this disease found artistic self-expression or musical beneficial. Mind-body, imagery, or visualization involvement such as those offered by yoga or Tai Chi can help enhance life.

In conclusion, it is advisable for patients first to learn the thyroid treatment choices that has no negative impact on their body and can help remove the disease completely. They need first to do enough research before they can be diagnosed for any treatment. It is my hope the tips discussed above on different types of treatment will help you decide the best treatment that fits you.

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