An In-depth Understanding About Kidney Stone

Every person aspires to have good health at all measures. The most valuable thing you can possess is a better and fit health. You can invest in anything, but you can only maintain your health condition always or risk disorders that appear that are complicated to handle. The kidney is one of the most functional organ in our body hence taking all necessary measure to ensure you do not harm it. Kidney suffers from various infections or disorders. One of the disorders is the kidney stone. It is a solid piece of material that forms in the kidney from certain minerals in the urine.

Nephrolithiasis is the medical name given to stones in the kidney. If the stones grow to sufficient size, they will block the ureter. It leads to causing much pain that begins in the flank or lower back and often moving to the groin. Renal colic is the term given to the severe pains erupting from the condition. The disease affects men more comparing to women. 10-20% of men suffer from kidney stone as the rate of women contracting the same disorder is 3-5%.

Types of kidney stones

There are four different types of stones that you might suffer. They include calcium, struvite, uric acid and cystine stones. The cause of each might be different but affects the same organ.

The calcium stones

In most people suffering from the kidney stones, calcium stone is the common among them. High concentration of calcium in your urine causes the disorder. A large amount of calcium is mostly as a result of hereditary conditions, high level of vitamin D, overactive parathyroid gland, kidney disease and some cancers. The stones are smooth, large or spiky.

Struvite stones

It is the type of kidney stones that occurs due to infections. The infections are thought to last for long up to the time they are causing the diseases. The disorder is common in women that in men

The uric acid stones

They occur when there is a high amount of acid in the urine. They can be as a result of eating high protein diet that include a lot of meat. Gout condition is also a factor as well as hereditary conditions.

Cystine stones

They are rare to find all types kidney stones. Hereditary conditions are the cause of this condition.

Symptoms of kidney stones

In the early stages, the stones that are commonly in small sizes can be passed out without any pain hence can come out without you detecting. However, the stones may block part of your urinary system, such as the ureter (the tube connecting the kidney to your urinary bladder). Blocking can also occur in the urethra. You can also experience pain in the abdomen or groin which can cause a urinary tract infection.

Treatment of the condition

You can treat the kidney stone at home using some medications. In case of the larger kidney stones, you will require to undergo some X-rays to break them up. Surgery is also another way of removing them if the problem persists. If you have never been in this condition, make sure you take plenty water each day to avoid your body being dehydrated.

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